Bufo Eichwaldi


donated by Herpetofauna

Eichwald's toad (Bufo eichwaldi) is a toad found in Azerbaijan and northwestern Iran in the Talysh Mountains and Elbrus. The species resembles our common brown toad and is closely related to the Caucasus toad (Bufo verrucosissimus). Eichwald's toad has a 'vulnerable' status, but populations are known to have declined by 30% in the last 25 years.

This project provides training activities including environmental education for local communities to raise awareness of the importance of amphibian conservation. Signs are posted at wetlands where the toads live and at roads that the toads must cross to get to their breeding grounds. Investments are also being made in speed controls on roads around the area, so that drivers become aware of the possible presence of toads on the road.

Update 2023
In the first phase, the habitat of Eichwald's toad was investigated at various villages and surrounding areas in Lahijan, Iran. At the end of March, the Susten Wetland was visited to distribute brochures and raise the awareness level of the local population. Conservationists from the Lahijan Department of Environment Office were discussed the importance of protection and asked to participate in this protection.

A banner has been placed at the Susten Wetland with the risks for the toads. Many tourists come here, especially in the northern and forest areas. The amount of waste produced around the lagoon is also large. Much of the lagoon is reserved for tourism purposes and there is also a local football field. The lagoon is on a road of more than 10 villages, which has resulted in a lot of car traffic.

During the mating season of February and March, a large number of toads were killed on the road. In the next phase, speed bumps will be placed on the road and also notice boards about the toads.

At Ofoq Elementary School, brochures have been distributed to the students about the presence and importance of Eichwald's path. They were very happy because of the detailed and interesting explanation about amphibians.

The following phases will be carried out simultaneously before the end of October due to the amphibian season and the increase in tourism in the region.